The RF SSC of JSC “SPA “Orion” carries out training of engineering staff at the basic departments of the following Moscow educational institutions:
Students of the basic company's departments, as well as other Higher Education Institutions study and do practical at the educational and production center of the company.
The Production and Training Center of the RF SSC of JSC “SPA “Orion” ensures training and apprenticeship for students at special divisions on the basis of up-to-date, unique process, analytical equipment and instrumentation under the direction of highly skilled specialists, including Doctors and Candidates of Science. About 200 students study and do practical training on an annual basis.
Physical Electronics Department being the basic department of the MPTI under the Scientific and Research Institute of Applied Physics (SRIAP) was created by the Resolution of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the USSR and Council of Ministers of the USSR in 1961 to train highly skilled specialists for high-developing industries of quantum electronics and photoelectronics. The Physical Electronics Department is one of the oldest departments of the Physical and Quantum Electronics Faculty.
Subjects of the Department's researches and training directions are defined primarily by objectives of the photoelectronics development in Russia and mainly the semi-conducting microphotoelectronics. The Institute carries out scalable investigations of the methods for optical data record and conversion, aimed at the creation of up-to-date optoelectronic systems of infrared (IR), visible and ultraviolet (UV) optical spectrum ranges (night vision, detection of poorly heated objects in the space, thermal imaging and heat direction finding, management, optical communications, etc.).
Hundreds of device and system types have been designed and put into batch production. Devices are intended for use in thermal imaging, distance measurement, image detection systems, optoelectronic instrument engineering, laser detection and ranging systems, photometry, spectrography, optical fiber data transmission systems to be applied in science, space, medicine, geology, military science and other industries.
Along with the photoelectronics, the Department is also engaged in work with laser technologies as they are directly connected with the problem of optical data transmission. First argon lasers for the green spectrum region, first in the country powerful continuous CO2 lasers, laser gyrometers, including three-axis and fibre optic, semi-conducting lasers with the record-breaking length of generation wave, as well as reconfigurable semi-conducting lasers for laser spectrometers were created.¬
The main tasks facing the up-to-date photoelectronics industry are as follows:
To solve these problems, emission reception physics, emission interaction with substances, principles of photoreception system build-up, and system limits are studied. Alternative methods for optical emission record are searched. Materials ensuring the required parameters of photoreception systems are created and examined – auxiliary materials are designed and examined, and technologies for creating photosensitive elements are developed.
Students, post-graduate students and teachers of the Department take an active part in these directions.
The Physical Electronics Department was organized and headed by Leonid Kurbatov, distinguished Soviet scientist in the field of photoelectronics, laureate of the USSR state prizes, Associate Member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Today, the Department is headed by Vladimir Ponomarenko, Department graduate, Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Professor, Honored Scientist of the RF, laureate of the RF state Prize and RF Government prize. The following professors work for the Department: K. O. Boltar, A. I. Dirochka, M. D. Korneyeva, and V. N. Solyakov
The Department organizes and holds sets of scientific conferences of the MPEI on a regular basis. Subjects of diploma papers and theses are numerous and and cover not only problems of photoelectronics and laser equipment, but also other problems, e. g. stability in non-equilibrium systems, etc. Almost all the post-graduates defended their theses.
More than 300 persons graduated from the Department and about 100 of them became Doctors, Candidates of Science. The Department graduates worked and continue working in Russia, Belarus, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania and other neighbouring countries, USA, England, Austria, Australia, France, Switzerland and other countries, including at such famous scientific centers as Oxford, and Boston.
The Department graduates include professors, doctors and candidates of science – members of various Academies and abroad, from Washington to Moscow. A number of the Department graduates are the heads on the national level, and heads of large scientific collectives. Some graduates of the last years operate businesses.
The Infrared Technology and Electronic Optics Department of the RF State Scientific Center – Scientific and Production Association “Orion” is one of the oldest basic departments of the Electronics Faculty at the MTU MIREA. The Department conducts training for specialists and masters under such directions as Optical Engineering (200400), Electronics and Nanoelectronics (210100), Optical Electronic Devices and Systems (200203), and Electronic Devices and Units (210105). Masters are trained under such programs as Photoelectronics (200400.68) and Elionics (210100.68). The head of the Department and head of master programs is Anatoly Filachev, General Director of SPA “Orion”, Associate Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Engineering Science.
The Department activity is defined by the objectives for developing photoelectronics and optoelectronic systems of infrared, visible and ultraviolet ranges of optical emission spectrum for the industry, scientific researches and defence capacity increase in Russia. The educational and methodical activity of the Department ensures the training of highly skilled specialists in the field of infrared engineering and electronic optics, who are ready to work under graduation for leading companies in the Russian optoelectronic and photoelectronic industry, including SPA “Orion”, as well as abroad.
In the course of training, future specialists study the fundamental and applied disciplines required for work in the up-to-date photoelectronics, optoelectronics and infrared engineering fields and enabling to understand tasks, problems and prospects for the development of these directions. The studied disciplines include the physics of emission interaction with substances and photoelectric phenomena in semi-conductors, varibrand engineering and computer design of semi-conducting devices, principles of photoreception system and device design, special technologies of micro-, nano- and photoelectronics, electronic and ion optics, thermal imaging and night vision.
The gained knowledge is reinforced and brought to grade in the course of scientific and production practice, which is first gone by four-year students at the divisions of SPA “Orion”. In the course of practice, students familiarize with prospective developments of matrix photoreceivers, photoelectronic modules and optoelectronic systems, as well as high technologies of photoelectronic products manufacture. Students and post-graduates of the Department take an active part in developments and researches under these directions.
Final certification works are performed by students for most urgent developments of the basic company, under the auspices of the Department teachers and lead specialists of SPA “Orion”. The works subject and training system at the basic Department ensure the high level of training, which complies with the up-to-date global requirements.
The Department teachers are highly skilled specialists with a great experience in research and teaching activities, acknowledged authorities in various fields of opto- and photoelectronics, infrared engineering and electronic optics. The teachers of the Department include one Associate Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, five Professors and two Assistant Professors.
A useful study guide under the Department direction is the three-volume monograph “Solid-state photoelectronics” (2010–2012) prepared by A. M. Filachev, Head of the Department and M. A. Trishenkov and I. I. Taubkin, Professors. The monograph is also relevant for engineers, scientific employees and teachers of Higher Education Institutions majoring in the field of photoelectronics.
Upon graduation from the Department, young specialists receive high qualification and perspective work, as well as are able to continue their education in the postgraduate school of SPA “Orion”. Today, a large quantity of the Department graduates work successfully for the company and many of them are the lead specialists of the company.
During a period of the Department work, more than 500 persons graduated from it – 30 young skilled engineers in the period of 2010 to 2012, including 14 persons working for SPA “Orion” and three persons studying in the postgraduate school of the company.
FILACHEV Anatoly Mikhailovich – Head of the Department, graduate of Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Associate Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Professor, and General Director of JSC “SPA “Orion”. Honored Scientist of the Russian Federation. Author of more than 200 scientific papers (including monographs on the solid-state photoelectronics) published in domestic and foreign printed editions, and patents on inventions, including the monographs. Wide range of scientific interests and the main ones are infrared engineering, electronic optics, photoelectronic devices for information technologies.
BURLAKOV Igor Dmitrievich – Deputy Head of the Department, graduate of Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Doctor of Engineering Science, Professor of the Department, Deputy General Director for Innovations and science of JSC “SPA “Orion”. Honorary Specialist in Science and Technology of the Russian Federation. Author of more than 170 scientific papers and invention patents. Distinguished expert in the field of photoelectronics and semi-conducting material sciences. He made a considerable contribution to the development and creation of domestic infrared photoreceivers, photoelectronic modules and image sensors.Teaching course: Applied optoelectronics.
BEGUCHEV Vsevolod Petrovich – academic secretary of the Department, graduate of the Physics Department of Moscow State University, PhD in Technical Sciences, Assistant Professor. Author of more than 100 scientific papers in domestic and foreign magazines and 25 inventions, Honored “Inventor of the USSR”. Distinguished expert in the field of optoelectronic transformers (OET), night vision devices (NVD) and machine vision systems. Head of the developments and introduction of new generation OET for NVD and X-ray transformers for batch production.Teaching courses: Night vision devices. Principles of thermal imaging.
POLESSKY Aleksey Victorovich – graduate of the Bauman Moscow State Technical University, PhD in Technical Sciences, Assistant Professor of the Department, Principal Metrologist of the company. Author of more than 30 scientific papers and inventions. Field of scientific interests – infrared optics and metrology of photoreceivers and multi-element photodetectors in the UV to far IR band.Teaching course: Principles of infrared engineering.
VASICHEV Boris Nikitich – graduate of Moscow Engineering Physics Institute, Professor, Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences. Laureate of the RF prize (2004). Author of more than 350 scientific and teaching papers, including 5 monographs and 42 inventions. Honored Inventor of the USSR). Distinguished Russian scientist who made a substantial contribution into the development of domestic analytical electronic microscopy and electron-beam technology. Designer of a number of domestic electronic microscopes with global level parameters.Teaching courses: Principles of electronic and ion optics, electronic and ion-beam devices and units.
KLIMANOV Yevgeny Alekseevich – graduate of Moscow Institute of Steels and Alloys, Doctor of Engineering Science, Professor of the Department. Laureate of the RF state prize in the field of science and technology. Author of more than 100 scientific works and inventions. Principal expert in the field of physics and microphotoelectronic technologies, who made a substantial contribution to the development of silicone photodiodes, low-noise operating amplifiers, integrated circuits of signal pickup from matrix photoreceivers.Teaching course: Special technology of optoelectronic equipment.
TRISHENKOV Mikhail Alekseevich – graduate of Moscow Power Engineering Institute, Professor, Doctor of Engineering Science, Honored Specialist in Science and Technology of the Russian Federation. Author of more than 200 printed papers, including monographs and study guides in domestic and foreign editions. The scientific interests cover the field of photoelectrical phenomena in semi-conducting photoelectronic devices (avalanche effect, noise filtration, detection of weak optical signals).Teaching course: Photodetectors and their design.
KHOLODOV Vyacheslav Aleksandrovich – graduate of Moscow Engineering Physics Institute. Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Professor of the Department. Author of more than 160 scientific publications, including monographs and study guides in domestic and foreign editions. The scientific interests cover the theory of semi-conductor and semi-conducting device physics, varibrand engineering of semi-conducting heterostructures, photodetectors based on the avalanche effect in semi-conductors.Teaching course: IR band receivers.
SVIRIDOV Anatoly Nikolaievich – graduate of Moscow Power Engineering Institute, Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Associate Professor. Laureate of Leninist Komsomol prize (1971) for work in laser physics and engineering. Author of 200 scientific papers, including 54 inventions. Directions of scientific interests: quantum electronics, quantum amplifiers, photoreceivers with pre-detection processing, metamaterials, metrology of photoreceivers.Teaching course: Special sections of IR engineering.
GRINCHENKO Leonid Yakovlevich – graduate of Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, senior teacher of the department. Author of more than 70 scientific publications and inventions. Honored machine builder. Distinguished expert in the field of information technologies, as well as automated control systems, theoretical radio engineering, theoretical radio engineering, computer engineering and information science.Teaching course: Automation and design of electron-beam devices and units.
MEZIN Yury Sergeevich – graduate of Moscow Power Engineering Institute, senior teacher of the department. Author of more than 40 scientific publications and inventions. The scientific interests cover analytical examinations of microphotoelectronics semi-conducting material surface, semi-conducting lasers and photoreceivers based on epitaxial structures of A3B5 compounds, physics and technology of semi-conducting and electron-beam devices.Teaching course: Electronic and molecular beam device and unit manufacturing technique.
Basic Microphotoelectronics Department of JSC “SPA “Orion” was created by the Federal State Budget-Funded Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education “National Research Institute “MIET” in 2000. The Head of the Department is Anatoly Filachev, General Director of JSC “SPA “Orion”, Associate Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Professor, Doctor of Engineering Science.
The direction of bachelor and master training (550700) “Electronics and Microelectronics”, and specialist training (654100) “Electronics and Microelectronics” under specialties was defined by the Order of the Federal State Unitary Enterprise “Scientific and Production Association “ORION” dated 21.07.2000 No. 255 and the relevant order of MIET: 200100 “Microelectronics and Solid-State Electronics” and 200300 “Electronic Devices and Units”.
The Microphotoelectronics Department (MPD) has a double subordination: in the organizational relation, it belongs to the Electronic and Computer Technologies Department, one of the leading faculties of MIET and in the functional relation, is the branch of the State Scientific Center of ОJSC “SPA “Orion”. The MPE Department cooperates with one of four graduate departments of the faculty – Quantum Physics and Nanoelectronics Department.
To increase the level of specialist training, which complies with the up-to-date global requirements for microelectronics, the main task was assigned to the MPE Department – training of young specialists, primarily for work at JSC “SPA “Orion” in design and technologies of photoelectronic devices, microelement circuits of image signal reception, conversion and processing, and thermal imaging devices.
Below are the objectives of the Department:
The MPE Department participates in the educational and teaching work of MIET and scientific and research work of JSC “SPA “Orion” and MIET.
The Electronic and Computer Technology (ECT) Faculty has 5 basic department associated with the largest Russian enterprises operating in their own fields, including the MPE Department of JSC “SPA “Orion”. The Faculty performs training to the bachelor's and master's degrees under the following directions in addition to the MPE Department ones:
The employees of the ECT Faculty include two Academicians and three Associate Members of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 41 Professors and Doctor of Science, 87 Assistant Professors and Candidates of Science.
Student do practical training, study disciplines under their specialties, prepare graduate papers and master's theses in the leading scientific and production centers of Russia, including JSC “SPA “Orion”.